Research Papers and Publications

The Centre facilitates, focuses, and coordinates academic and research resources at the Atlantic Veterinary College to carry out animal welfare research. The following publications provide an overview of some of the animal welfare research at the Atlantic Veterinary College and not necessarily that of the specific work of the SJDAWC.

Animal Pain and Analgesia

  • Hewson, C. J., Dohoo, I. R., Lemke, K. A. and Barkema, H. W. 2007. Canadian veterinarians’ use of analgesics in cattle, pigs, and horses in 2004 and 2005. Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 48: 155-164.
  • Hewson, C. J., Dohoo, I. R. and Lemke, K. A. 2006. Perioperative use of analgesics in dogs and cats by Canadian veterinarians in 2001. Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 47: 352-359.
  • Hewson, C. J., Dohoo, I. R. and Lemke, K. A. 2006. Factors affecting the use of postincisional analgesics in dogs and cats by Canadian veterinarians in 2001. Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 47: 453-459.
  • Lemke, K. A. 2004. Understanding the pathophysiology of perioperative pain. Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 45: 405-413.
  • Lemke, K. A., Runyon, C. L. and Horney, B. S. 2002. Effects of preoperative administration of ketoprofen on anesthetic requirements and signs of postoperative pain in dogs undergoing elective ovariohysterectomy. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 221: 1268-1275.
  • Lemke, K. A. and Dawson, S. D. 2000. Local and regional anesthesia. Veterinary Clinics of North America-Small Animal Practice 30: 839-+
  • Dohoo, S. E. and Dohoo, I. R. 1998. Attitudes and concerns of Canadian animal health technologists toward postoperative pain management in dogs and cats. Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 39: 491-496.
  • Dohoo, S. E. and Dohoo, I. R. 1996. Postoperative use of analgesics in dogs and cats by Canadian veterinarians. Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 37: 546-551.
  • Dohoo, S. E. and Dohoo, I. R. 1996. Factors influencing the postoperative use of analgesics in dogs and cats by Canadian veterinarians. Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 37: 552-556.
  • Dohoo, S., Tasker, R. A. R. and Donald, A. 1994. Pharmacokinetics of Parenteral and Oral Sustained-Release Morphine-Sulfate in Dogs. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 17: 426-433.

Veterinary Surgeons and Animal Welfare

  • Hewson, C. J. 2006. Veterinarians who swear: Animal welfare and the veterinary oath. Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 47: 807-811.
  • Christie, J. L., Hewson, C. J., Riley, C. B., McNiven, M. A., Dohoo, I. R. and Bate, L. A. 2005. A preliminary equine abuse policy with potential application to veterinary practice. Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 46: 250-252.
  • Hewson, C. J. 2005. Leadership in animal welfare: The role of veterinary colleges. Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 46: 74-78.
    Hewson, C. J. 2005. Why the theme animal welfare? Journal of Veterinary Medical Education 32: 416-418.
  • Hewson, C. J. 2004. What’s animal welfare science all about? Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 45: 254-258.
  • Hewson, C. J. 2004. Showing leadership in welfare: position statements and some of their consequences. Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 45: 781-785.
  • Hewson, C. J. 2004. Leadership in animal welfare: A comparison of Canada with the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, and New Zealand. Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 45: 944-950.
  • Hewson, C. J. 2003. Focus on animal welfare. Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 44: 335-336.
  • Hewson, C. J. 2003. What is animal welfare? Common definitions and their practical consequences – Introduction. Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 44: 496-499.
  • Hewson, C. J. 2003. Can we assess welfare? Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 44: 749-753.
  • Hewson, C. J. 2003. How might veterinarians do more for animal welfare? Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 44: 1000-1004.
  • Hewson, C. J. 2001. Canadian veterinarians lead the way. Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 42: 757

Equine Welfare

  • Christie, J. L., Hewson, C. J., Riley, C. B., McNiven, M. A., Dohoo, I. R. and Bate, L. A. 2006. Management factors affecting stereotypies and body condition score in nonracing horses in Prince Edward Island. Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 47: 136-143.
  • Hewson, C., Christie, J., Riley, C., McNiven, M., Dohoo, I. and Bate, L. 2004. Do Canadian horse owners follow national equine welfare guidelines? Stats from a small island. Animal Welfare 13: S243
  • Christie, J. L., Hewson, C. J., Riley, C. B., McNiven, M. A., Dohoo, I. R. and Bate, L. A. 2004. Demographics, management, and welfare of nonracing horses in Prince Edward Island. Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 45: 1004-1011.

Companion Animal Behaviour

  • Guy, N. C., Luescher, U. A., Dohoo, S. E., Spangler, E., Miller, J. B., Dohoo, I. R. and Bate, L. A. 2001. Demographic and aggressive characteristics of dogs in a general veterinary caseload. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 74: 15-28.
  • Guy, N. C., Luescher, U. A., Dohoo, S. E., Spangler, E., Miller, J. B., Dohoo, I. R. and Bate, L. A. 2001. Risk factors for dog bites to owners in a general veterinary caseload. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 74: 29-42.
  • Guy, N. C., Luescher, U. A., Dohoo, S. E., Spangler, E., Miller, J. B., Dohoo, I. R. and Bate, L. A. 2001. A case series of biting dogs: characteristics of the dogs, their behaviour, and their victims. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 74: 43-57.

Companion Animal Welfare

  • Hewson, C. J., Hiby, E. F. and Bradshaw, J. W. S. 2007. Assessing quality of life in companion and kennelled dogs: a critical review. Animal Welfare 16: 89-95.
  • Hewson, C. J. and Wojciechowska, J. I. 2005. Disappointed in quality-of-life article – Response. Javma-Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 226: 1297-1298.
  • Wojciechowska, J. I. and Hewson, C. J. 2005. Quality-of-life assessment in pet dogs. Javma-Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 226: 722-728.
    Wojciechowska, J. I., Hewson, C. J., Stryhn, H., Guy, N. C., Patronek, G. J. and Timmons, V. 2005. Development of a discriminative questionnaire to assess nonphysical aspects of quality of life of dogs. American Journal of Veterinary Research 66: 1453-1460.
  • Wojciechowska, J. I., Hewson, C. J., Stryhn, H., Guy, N. C., Patronek, G. J. and Timmons, V. 2005. Evaluation of a questionnaire regarding nonphysical aspects of quality of life in sick and healthy dogs. American Journal of Veterinary Research 66: 1461-1467.

Wildlife Welfare 

  • Daoust, P. Y., Fowler, G. M. and Stobo, W. T. 2006. Comparison of the healing process in hot and cold brands applied to harbour seal pups (Phoca vitulina). Wildlife Research 33: 361-372.
  • Daoust, P. Y. and Nicholson, P. H. 2004. Severe chronic neck injury caused by a snare in a Coyote, Canis latrans. Canadian Field-Naturalist 118: 243-246.
  • Lucas, Z., Daoust, P. Y., Conboy, G. and Brimacombe, M. 2003. Health status of harp seals (Phoca groenlandica) and hooded seals (Cystophora cristata) on Sable Island, Nova Scotia, Canada, concurrent with their expanding range. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 39: 16-28.
  • Daoust, P. Y., Crook, A., Bollinger, T. K., Campbell, K. G. and Wong, J. 2002. Animal welfare and the harp seal hunt in Atlantic Canada. Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 43: 687-694.
  • Daoust, P. Y. and Ortenburger, A. I. 2001. Successful euthanasia of a juvenile fin whale. Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 42: 127-129.
  • Ross, P. I., Jalkotzy, M. G. and Daoust, P. Y. 1995. Fatal Trauma Sustained by Cougars, Felis-Concolor, While Attacking Prey in Southern Alberta. Canadian Field-Naturalist 109: 261-263.

Farm Animal Behaviour

  • Hewson, C. J. 2004. Do vocalizations tell us anything about animal welfare? Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 45: 621-624.
  • Spinka, M., Gonyou, H. W., Li, Y. Z. Z. and Bate, L. A. 2004. Nursing synchronisation in lactating sows as affected by activity, distance between the sows and playback of nursing vocalisations. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 88: 13-26.
  • Bate, L., Van Lunen, T. and Van Lunen, K. 1999. Use of nursing sounds to influence performance of piglets. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 79: 577
  • Foote, K. D., Bate, L. A. and Donald, A. W. 1996. Activity level and performance of weaner pigs exposed to 915 MHz microwave radiation. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 76: 183-188.
  • Corkum, M. J., Bate, L. A., Tennessen, T. and Lirette, A. 1994. Consequences of Reduction of Number of Individual Feeders on Feeding-Behavior and Stress Level of Feedlot Steers. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 41: 27-35.
  • Corkum, M., Bate, L., Donald, A., Lirette, A. and Tennessen, T. 1993. The use of the Spearman rank order correlation coefficient to determine feeding orders in feedlot steers. Journal of Animal Science 71: 111
  • Bate, L. A. 1991. Modifications in the Aggressive and Ingestive Behavior of the Neonatal Piglet As A Result of Prenatal Elevation of Cortisol in the Dam. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 30: 299-306.
  • Bate, L. A. 1990. Endocrine Influences on Agonistic and Ingestive Behavior of the Neonatal Piglet. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 70: 1196

Farm Animal Welfare

  • Tiwari, A., VanLeeuwen, J. A., Dohoo, I. R., Keefe, G. P., Haddad, J. P., Tremblay, R., Scott, H. M. and Whiting, T. 2007. Production effects of pathogens causing bovine leukosis, bovine viral diarrhea, paratuberculosis, and neosporosis. Journal of Dairy Science 90: 659-669.
  • Hewson, C. J. 2006. “Eat well, spend less.” – The costs of cheap food to animals and humans. Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 47: 38-41.
  • Hewson, C. J. 2006. Hidden costs of food production: The veterinarian’s role. Journal of Veterinary Medical Education 33: 561-566.
  • Hewson, C. 2005. Do animals get a fair deal in today’s world? Irish Veterinary Journal 58: 339-343.
  • Hewson, C. J. and Lang, T. 2005. Human and animal health: strengthening the links – Animal and human case for reforming current food policies. British Medical Journal 331: 1268
  • Dohoo, I. R., DesCoteaux, L., Leslie, K., Fredeen, A., Shewfelt, W., Preston, A. and Dowling, P. 2003. A meta-analysis review of the effects of recombinant bovine somatotropin 2. Effects on animal health, reproductive performance, and culling. Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research-Revue Canadienne de Recherche Veterinaire 67: 252-264.
  • Chi, J. W., Weersink, A., VanLeeuwen, J. A. and Keefe, G. P. 2002. The economics of controlling infectious diseases on dairy farms. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics-Revue Canadienne D Agroeconomie 50: 237-256.
  • Chi, J., VanLeeuwen, J. A., Weersink, A. and Keefe, G. P. 2002. Direct production losses and treatment costs from bovine viral diarrhoea virus, bovine leukosis virus, Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis, and Neospora caninum. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 55: 137-153.
  • Otten, L., Braithwaite, L. A., Morrison, W. D., Crossley, J. and Bate, L. A. 1994. Rewarming Hypothermic Piglets with 2.45 Ghz Microwave-Radiation. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research 58: 211-215.
  • Hurnik, D., Dohoo, I. R., Donald, A. and Robinson, N. P. 1994. Factor-Analysis of Swine Farm-Management Practices on Prince-Edward-Island. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 20: 135-146.
  • Hurnik, D., Dohoo, I. R. and Bate, L. A. 1994. Types of farm-management as risk-factors for swine respiratory- disease. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 20: 147-157.
    Tranter, W. P., Morris, R. S., Dohoo, I. R. and Williamson, N. B. 1993. A case-control study of lameness in dairy-cows. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 15: 191-203.
  • Dohoo, I. R. 1993. Monitoring Livestock Health and Production – Service – Epidemiologys Last Frontier. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 18: 43-52.
  • Dohoo, I. R. and Dijkhuizen, A. A. 1993. Techniques Involved in Making Dairy-Cow Culling Decisions. Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian 15: 515-519.
  • Ruegg, P. L., Dohoo, I. R. and Donovan, G. A. 1992. Evaluation of Production Per Day of Life Calculated on Cull Cows As A Comprehensive Monitor of Dairy-Herd Performance. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 14: 241-249.
  • Vantil, L. D., Dohoo, I. R., Spangler, E. and Ogilvie, T. H. 1991. A Survey of Biological Productivity of Prince-Edward-Island Swine Herds. Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research-Revue Canadienne de Recherche Veterinaire 55: 174-179.
  • Vantil, L. D., Orourke, R. L. and Dohoo, I. R. 1991. Epidemiologic Approach to the Association Between Economic-Efficiency and Productivity on Swine Farms in Prince-Edward-Island. Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research-Revue Canadienne de Recherche Veterinaire 55: 277-284.
  • Bate, L. A., Crossley, J. G. and Wade, R. 1992. Effective Rewarming of Hypothermic Piglets Using 915-Mhz Microwaves. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 72: 161-164.
  • Bate, L. A. 1992. Sound Stimuli to Enhance Ingestive Behavior of Young Turkeys. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 34: 189-194.
  • Braithwaite, L., Morrison, W., Widowski, T., Duncan, I., Otten, L. and Bate, L. 1992. Behavioural observations of weaner pigs exposed to microwave radiation. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 72: 1007
  • Corkum, M. J., Bate, L. A., Tennessen, T. and Lirette, A. 1992. Consequences of Reduction of Number of Individual Feeders on Performance of Feedlot Steers. Journal of Animal Science 70: 245
  • Crossley, J. and Bate, L. 1992. Effectiveness of 915 MHz microwave energy to rewarm hypothermic piglets. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 72: 1013
    Bate, L. A. and Grimmelt, B. 1991. The Prepartum Sow – Consequences of Stimulation with Acth Or A Synthetic Glucocorticoid, with Observations on the Liver Carbohydrate-Metabolism of Its Neonates. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 71: 43-50.
  • Bate, L. A., Hurnik, D. and Crossley, J. G. 1991. Benefits of Using A Photoelectric Alert System for Swine Farrowing Operations. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 71: 909-911.
  • Bate, L. A., Deluca, A., Finsten, A., Vander, K. J. and Crossley, J. 1991. Thermoregulatory Capability of Newborn Piglets in Response to Prenatal T-4 Stimulation. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 71: 1293-1294.
  • Braithwaite, L. A., Morrison, W. D., Bate, L., Otten, L., Hunter, B. and Pei, D. C. T. 1991. Effect of Exposure to Operant-Controlled Microwaves on Certain Blood and Immunological Parameters in the Young Chick. Poultry Science 70: 509-514.
  • Bate, L. A., Ireland, W., Connell, B. J. and Grimmelt, B. 1990. Prenatal Influence of Glucocorticoids on the Development of the Small Intestine of Piglets. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 70: 1195

Transport and Slaughter

  • Lavallee, J., Hammel, K. L., Spangler, E. S., Cawthorn, R. J. and Dohoo, I. R. 2000. Descriptive statistics of fishing practices, postharvest health status, and transport conditions in the Prince Edward Island lobster (Homarus americanus) industry. Journal of Shellfish Research 19: 265-274.
  • Lavallee, J., Spangler, E. S., Hammelli, K. L., Dohoo, I. R. and Cawthorn, R. J. 2000. Analytical assessment of handling, fishing practices, and transportation risk factors on lobster (Homarus americanus) health in Prince Edward Island, Canada. Journal of Shellfish Research 19: 275-281.
  • Penalver, G., Bate, L. and Van Lunen, T. 1999. Effect of alcohol based supplements prior to slaughter on carcass quality of pigs. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 79: 593-594.